联系我们
Isaac Scientific Publishing
Ecology and Sustainable Development
ESD > Volume 3, Number 1, February 2020

Nuisance Activities of Straw Colored Fruit Bats (Eidolon helvum) on the University of Energy and Natural Resources, Ghana

Download PDF  (672.2 KB)PP. 1-6,  Pub. Date:January 10, 2020
DOI: 10.22606/esd.2020.31001

Author(s)
Agyei-Ohemeng, James, Adu Yeboah, Bright, Asamoah, Francis Boafo, Opoku Ohemeng, Mordecai
Affiliation(s)
Department of Ecotourism, Recreation and Hospitality, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
Department of Ecotourism, Recreation and Hospitality, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
Department of Ecotourism, Recreation and Hospitality, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
Department of Mathematics, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
Abstract
Different nuisance behaviors by wild animals through their activities have been reported in the world where humans and wildlife have been living in the same habitat and sharing resources. In these study activities of straw colored fruit bats (Eidolon helvum) were observed and recorded on the University of Energy and Natural Resources campus in Ghana using direct observation and survey questionnaires. From the results of the study it was observed that at high population densities, the most nuisance activities caused on the respondents (90) were dropping of urine, (N=45; 50%; x2=6.52, p=0.04), excreta (N=45; 50%; x2=6.52, p=0.04) and all respondents did not like the marking of walls of the University with their excreta. At the same time 49% of respondents (210) did not like the noise during roosting while 48% disliked their activities causing breaking of branches and 43% were against defoliating of trees causing environmental damages to the roost trees at high population. Meanwhile it was observed that these activities coincide with their migration periods. During the low population occupancy, the students are on holidays. These activities of bats are therefore considered nuisance and therefore proper management of these bats are needed to control them.
Keywords
Population, habitat, fruigivores, resources, environmental, excreta
References
  • [1]  Kerr (1792) Eidolon helvum; Integrated Taxonomic Information System, Available at https://www.itis.gov/ servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=631569#null
  • [2]  Okon, E. E., (1974), Fruit bats at Ife: Their roosting and food preferences (Ife fruit bat project no. 2). Nigerian Field 39(1): 33-40.
  • [3]  Vivian, P. (2007), Bushmeat hunting alters recruitment of large-seeded plant species in central Africa. Biotropica 42, 672–679.
  • [4]  Bat Conservation International. (1989), Bats: Gentle Friends, Essential Allies. BCI, Austin, Texas.
  • [5]  Kankam, B. O., & Oduro, W. (2009). Frugivores and fruit removal of Antiaris toxicaria (Moraceae) at Bia Biosphere reserve, Ghana. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25(2), 201-204.
  • [6]  Fujita, M. S. & Tuttle, M. D., (1991), Flying foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae): threatened animals of key ecological and economic importance. Conservation Biology, 5, 455-463
  • [7]  Ayoade, O. J.; Oke, S. O. and Omisore, E. O., (2012), The impact of bats on the greens (landscape features): A case study of Obafemi Awolowo University campus, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Agricultural Science Research Journals 2(7): 405-411.
  • [8]  Happold, D.C.D., (1987), The mammals of Nigeria. Clarendon Press, Oxford. Funmilayo, O. (1979). Ecology of the straw-coloured fruit bat in Nigeria Revue de Zoologie Africaine 93:589–600
  • [9]  Funmilayo, O. (1979), Ecology of the straw-coloured fruit bat in Nigeria Revue de Zoologie Africaine 93:589–600 i1545-1542-93-5-1393
  • [10]  Kamins, A. O.; Restlif, O.; Ntiamoah-Baidu, Y.; Suu-Ire, R.; Hayman, D. T. S.; Cunningham, A. A.;Wood, J. L. N, and Rowcliffe, J. M (2011), Uncovering the fruit bat bushmeat commodity chain and the true extent of fruit bat hunting in Ghana, West Africa Biological Conservation Volume 144, Issue 12, December 2011, Pages 3000– 3008
  • [11]  IUCN (2010), Red List of threatened species. Website: http://www.redlist.org
  • [12]  Sha, J.C.M., M.D. Gumert, B.P.Y.H Lee, L. Jones-Engel, S. Chan & A. Fuentes (2009), Macaque-Human interactions and the societal perceptions of macaques in Singapore. American Journal of Primatology 71: 825– 839; https://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.20710
  • [13]  Agyei-Ohemeng J. (2015), Aspects of the Ecology of Fruit Bat (Eidolon helvum) in the University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani MPhil Thesis, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • [14]  Fenton, M. B. and Rautenbach, I. L. (1998), Impacts of Ignorance and Human and Elephant Populations on the Conservation of Bats in African Woodlands. In Bat Biology and Conservation: 261-270. Racey, P. A. (Ed.) Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. i1545-1542-93-5-1393
  • [15]  Agyei-Ohemeng, J., (2013), Bats: Ghana’s best-kept wildlife secret. Daily Graphic,
  • [16]  Agyei-Ohemeng, J. & Danquah, E., (2016), The contribution of fruit bats, Eidolon helvum, to biodiversity on the University of Energy and Natural Resources’ campus, Sunyani, Ghana. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 6(8): 74-82.
Copyright © 2020 Isaac Scientific Publishing Co. All rights reserved.